CRP is an important acute phase reactant protein synthesized and released by the liver. In obesity, increased secretion of cytokines results in increased stimulation of the liver and increased CRP.
Elevated CRP levels are a marker of inflammation. In metabolic syndrome and obesity, CRP levels can be used to identify a proinflammatory state. Increased CRP levels are correlated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, particularly myocardial infarction and stroke.