Histologic Information and Courses from MediaLab, Inc.
These are the MediaLab courses that cover Histologic and links to relevant pages within the course.
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|Basic Tissue Sampling and Use of Tissue Marking Inks|
Marking the tissue edges aids in the identification and correct orientation of the tissue pieces during embedding. It also assists in the correct placement of the intended surface toward the face of the block, which is the first surface to meet the microtome blade.Tissue markers must:Be insoluble in fixative solutions, processing solutions, and the embedding mediaRemain on the surface to be marked and not penetrate too far into the tissue interiorNot react with histologic stains or be over applied to obscure cells or tissue layersBe notably visible both macroscopically and microscopically Some examples include India ink, silver nitrate, and various artist pigments. Different tissue marking inks may be applied to mark anatomic or surgical landmarks. This will help orientation both during gross dissection, embedding, and in the final histologic section. The ink may be applied to color the entire outside perimeter of the specimen, or may be used selectively, using single or multiple colored inks.The application color and location will typically be dictated into the gross description.It is recommended to try to avoid red ink, since it may be difficult to see. Black or bright blue ink is often preferred. Ink marking examples include:Tissue TypeExampleSmall lesions present in a larger section of tissueThe lesion may only be visible on one "face" or plane of the section. In this case, one side of the tissue can be inked and specific instructions should be provided such as "embed with inked tissue surface up."Note that most histologists will want to relate any directional instructions to the block face, which is the surface that will meet the microtome blade first.Tubular structuresIt is sometimes helpful to submit the entire tube (vas deferens, temporal arteries, fallopian tubes) in the tissue cassette, with instructions to cut cross-sections before embedding. The lumen end can alternatively be dipped in tissue ink, to more clearly mark the opening for very tiny tubes. The lumen MUST be visible in the final section. Multiple fragmentsThe fragments may be inked on one edge, but should be embedded so that all pieces are kept in the same plane or level in the block so that one complete, representative section can be obtained.
Carson FL, Hladik C. Histotechnology: A Self-Instructional Text. 3rd ed. Chicago, IL: ASCP Press; 2009. Carson FL, Edgar LC, Tatum DS. Board of Registry Study Guide: Histotechnology Examinations. 2nd ed. Chicago, IL: ASCP Press; 2001.Ham AW, Cormack DH. Ham's Histology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott; 1987.Hansen JT. Essential Anatomy Dissector Following Grant's Method. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.Lester SC. Manual of Surgical Pathology. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elsevier; 2005.Ozan G, Goss G. Gross Dissection and Description. In: National Society for Histotechnology Self-Assessment. No 12. 2001.Sheehan DC, Hrapchak BB. Theory and Practice of Histotechnology. 2nd ed. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press; 1987.Spillan BS. Proper Tissue Embedding Practices. Histologic Magazine. April 1976;VI(2):79. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 21st ed. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis Co; 2005.Weaver J. Paraffin Embedding and Process Improvement. Presented by Teleconference Network of Texas, UT Health Science Center; 2010.Westra WH, Hruban RH, Phelps TH, Isacson C. Surgical Pathology Dissection: An Illustrated Guide. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag; 2003.Winsor L. Tissue processing. In: Woods A, Ellis R eds. Laboratory Histopathology: A Complete Reference. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1994.
|Histology of Brain Biopsy|
The H & E section of the brain biopsy (left frame of image)revealed edema of the parencymya with the accumulation of inflammatory cells in the perivascular spaces. The close in view of the exudate (right frame of image) reveals that the inflammatory exudate is comprised primarily of polymorphonuclear luekocytes. The histologic diagnosis therefore is suppurative meningitis, with culture results necessary to establish the etiologic agent.