Artifactual Information and Courses from MediaLab, Inc.
These are the MediaLab courses that cover Artifactual and links to relevant pages within the course.
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|The peripheral blood picture shown in the image below is most consistent with an artifact of smear preparation.||View Page|
Stomatocytes are erythrocytes with a slit-like central pallor, given them the appearance of "coffee beans" or "kissing lips". In three dimensions, the stomatocyte is actually the shape of a bowl, as the cell has lost its biconcave morphology due to a membrane defect. Most cases of stomatocytosis are due to alteration in permeability, leading to an increase in red cell volume. Stomatocytes form at a low blood acidic pH as seen in exposure to cationic detergents, and in patients receiving phenolthiazine or chlorpromazine. Stomatocytosis can be an inherited or acquired condition.In hereditary stomatocytosis, mild anemia and findings of on-going hemolysis may be evident if the condition presents as a clinical problem at all. Individuals who possess the Rh null phenotype have osmotically fragile red cells, which take the form of stomatocytes. Individuals with this phenotype tend to experience varying degrees of chronic hemolytic anemia. Note: Unless 10% or more of the RBC's are stomatocytes, their presence is probably artifactual.
Although the cells appear to be stacked together in this field, this is actually artifactual Rouleaux as this microscopic field is a thick portion of a normal smear. Notice the white space is not nearly as prominent as in the previous slide.
|How would you describe the arrangement of RBCs on this slide?||View Page|
Another example of artifactual rouleaux seen in a thick area of normal smear.
Another example of an echinocyte is seen in the center of this slide. In rare instances, echinocytes circulate in vivo in uremia, following heparin injection, in certain congenital anemias and in pyruvate kinase deficiency. Plastic slides must be used to verify the presence of in vivo echinocytes. Since echinocytes do not aid in the diagnosis of these conditions, their main importance lies in the fact that they are artifactual and reversible and must be distinguished from acanthocytes.
|Which of the following forms are frequently artifactual?||View Page|
|What type of cells are present in this slide?||View Page|